Meeting Minutes

October 20, 2017 at Anglican Alliance


Hub Co-Chairs:

Anne Gregora, Salvation Army,

Emma Tomalin, University of Leeds,


Agenda details: 

  1. 11 am-11.15 am: Introductory session (led by Anne Gregora) Joint Learning Initiative on Faith and Local Communities (JLI)
    • Brief Introductions
    • Background to the JLI (Rachel Carnegie) JLI Flyer

International collaboration on the role of Local Faith Communities in development and humanitarian aid

  • Focused on evidence of impact & effectiveness of FBOs to local relief & dev issues
  • Resilience hub 3-year cycle included literature review followed by interviews to develop scoping study and then dissemination to various forums including side event at WHS

Key Questions: How does it help the policy environment and How does it help practitioners to be more effective

  • Anti-Human Trafficking & Modern Slavery Hub (AHT) started on the premise that there is not enough evidence on the role of religion and local faith communities that can be used for policy & shared w/ practitioners
  • Concept note


Terms of Reference overview

  • JLI overall, What already exists, What we don’t know- Framing questions are structured under 6 P’s – how to respond to trafficking

Why are you interested in joining the JLI AHT-MS Hub?

  • Innovation, new & different ideas – exchange of knowledge; differences in approach of different groups especially disagreements
  • improve impact & excellence
  • how do FBOs (all faiths) work with govt & UN agencies, linking results to dev strategies & policy -communicating where it needs to be heard
  • academic publication
  • role of religion in preventing and supporting trafficking
  • listening to survivors and perpetrators to understand context, anti-pornography
  • Chab dai longitudinal project links- FBO support in aftercare of survivors & spirituality (prayer, connecting with God)
  • US Barna reports (but only specific to pornography); need other regional reports
  • sex trafficking


  • Interaction with others interested in AHT-MS, researchers & with other sectors
  • connection locally & globally: involving researchers from local countries through existing coalitions & networks
  • mapping & prioritise under-represented countries
  • how to link the JLI hubs together
  • how to create and develop a community for reflective practice and still create a space for practitioners to policy & academics
  • Supporting FBOs in trafficking response
  • recruit PhD students

What we know

  • Fragmentation, siloed by region and issue; many focus on only one aspect of trafficking (ie sex trafficking); definition issues (ie bonded vs child labor)
  • Gap between advocacy & academic
  • Religious vs institutional structures differ, trafficking in refugee & protracted conflict,
  • refugees increased vulnerability in humanitarian situations; also, stricter immigration control => risk for trafficking

What we need to know

  • role of trafficked persons along the journey & distinct faith actor role
  • Patterns that differ by region & religious community
  • Interfaith approaches
  • LFCs interaction on criminal acts (need to ensure safeguarding: how to ensure safety of those mobilized aren’t at risk -bring in criminologists?)
  • Survey faith-based attitudes towards trafficked persons,


Framing Questions:


  • Careful of framing regarding children
  • FBO engagement w/ supply chains & fair trade
  • Faith based orgs & actors &
  • Child labor & changing domestic norms
  • Include something about root causes; gender inequality- long term objective would be to compare & ensure that rich understandings of “root causes” of trafficking need to form part of strategy discussions by pertinent government departments and partners


  • Training & background check FBOs for work w/ vulnerable populations (also involvement of police in this – Churches Child protection advisory service) & challenges of doing that in places where that isn’t ‘normal’ e.g. phoning previous employers


  • Ensure safeguarding and sensitivity is included; Sharing best practice
  • Relationship between protection & prosecution



  • There are a wide range of policies that would indirectly affect trafficking (ie housing) is this included in the term policy?


  • Interfaith network in rome; eval impact- did those efforts filter down to faith-based comms
  • Concerned about focusing to much on micro & macro levels; how to ensure these levels are connecting
  • Recognize interfaith partnerships & nuances especially when engaging at UN level


  • Ensuring agency of FBOs is integrated
  • What’s the influence of faith on practitioners in their own work contexts? Ex business sector, law etc. does this faith make a difference: Positive deviation research


1.30-3 pm: Planning the next steps (led by Emma Tomalin)

Scoping Study Plans

Introduction of scoping study possibilities

  • Targeted lit review, grey lit and case studies from members of hub, interviews with practitioners
  • Role of hub members in scoping study: writing case study, case studies contributed from members, fill in geographic areas
  • Explore thematic scoping studies
  • Dissemination and call for further research


Discussion: What will it include, how will it be done, who should do it?

  • Key informant interviews based on lit review that identifies gaps and key categories- consider the context; reflective practitioner mapping on the ground
  • Global focus with epicenters (ex. Philippines, Thailand, central south america)
  • Advocacy vs evidence- genuine gaps in knowledge & disagreements
  • FBOs role in policy
  • Ensure lit review includes gray lit
  • Refugees, migration and trafficking intersection, how FBOs have worked with survivors & response, inclusion of minority faith groups & how they engage with anti-trafficking efforts- use of trafficking language, symbols and concepts.
  • How are faith groups working in stable countries (drivers of trafficking)
  • Need to include minority religions (ie hindu),
  • Use HTP DFID study model
  • Get info from local actors in countries themselves, but also partner academic partners in the south.
  • How do FBOs hinder vs healing survivor work
  • Looking for partners or students to help w/ work
  • Labor in the gulf has impact in e asia, sri lanka, mid east
  • Refugee crisis- Rohingya & E Africa


Who’s missing & Other

  • Indigenous practitioners w/ lack of resources
  • Consider a Twin base in global south- Cambodia, Thailand hub- next in-person
  • Others to invite: Santa marta (catholic) st mary’s, Rene cassin , Simbata- braynard prince, Sikh – apex body, Apostleship by the sea


What’s next?


Name Organization Video
Anne Gregora Salvation Army UK, JLI AHT co-chair
Emma Tomalin Leeds University, JLI AHT co-chair
Rachel Carnegie Anglican Alliance
Isobel Owen Anglican Alliance
Charles Reed Church of England, Archbishop’s Council
Helen Sworn Freedom Collaborative video
Glenn Miles Independent Consultant video
Molly Hodson International Justice Mission
Patrick Burland International Organization for Migration
Bill Prevette Oxford Centre for Mission Studies
John Frame Oxford University
Christa Crawford Payap University in Chiang Mai, Thailand video
Eirwen Pallant Salvation Army
Anne Makumi Salvation Army for AHT response in Kenya
Monica Napier Samaritan’s Purse
Natalia Lester-Bush Tearfund, JLI GBV Hub coordinator
Gwyneth Lonergan University of Sheffield
Susan Greener Wheaton University video
Katherine Marshall World Faiths Development Dialogue- Georgetown University video
Stacy Nam JLI



For any questions please email Stacy Nam, Programs & Knowledge Manager-

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